Increased Rate of Malaria Transmission found following Severe Flood Event in Western Uganda

by Hogan Marhoefer

As climate patterns and weather conditions continually change as a result of global warming, it is increasingly important to understand how these climate changes impact global health. Several areas of vector-borne disease control are very well-understood, however the influences of climate change on vector-borne disease transmission are understudied but very relevant. It is well-known that malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes and increased transmission rates relate to the success of local mosquito populations. It has also now known that global warming has contributed to increased precipitation and warmer weather in many regions, which provide a more favorable environment for mosquito reproduction success (due to increased precipitation). It is apparent that precipitation greatly influences disease transmission in Malaria, however temperature plays an equally influential role in vector-borne disease transmission. As temperatures rise, mosquito populations are able to occupy regions of higher altitude as they are no longer restricted by regions of cooler temperatures These factors are of great importance to this study because a significant number of the rural communities in the Kasese District are at relatively high elevation, and have experienced heavy rainfall. Continue reading