Calculating Overfishing for Tuna and Billfish

 

by Hannah Tannenbaum

Threatened fish stocks have generally only been identified as being overfished and potentially reaching extinction once they have already been exploited and are in population decline. This makes remediation efforts for overfished stocks much more difficult, because much of the damage has already been done. Burgess et al .(2013) defined the “eventual threat index” (T), taking into consideration primary effects on overfishing potential. The variables they used to understand exploitation potential include: vulnerability, population size, average catch-per-unit effort, maximum per-capita growth rate, as well as profitability. In particular, this study examined multispecies fisheries, referring to fisheries in which there is a target species, but often the fishery affects many other species as well. Therefore they identified the “key” species as the most commercially valued, or most environmentally sensitive, and therefore the most likely to be exploited. The authors then applied the eventual threat index for historical information on four Pacific tuna and billfish populations, and were successfully able to Continue reading