The Power of Green Space for Reducing Surface Temperature in Tel Aviv, Israel

by Dan McCabe

One key objective of sustainable urban planning is to limit the urban heat island (UHI) effect, the increased local temperature in highly built areas due to differences from the natural environment in the absorption and reflection of solar energy at the surface. Previous research has displayed the value of large urban parks in controlling temperature in cities, but less is known about the effect of smaller green spaces. In order to investigate how vegetation and construction levels impact UHI severity, Rotem-Mindali et al. (2015) used ten years of remotely sensed data from two NASA satellites to analyze the relationship between different land uses and land surface temperature (LST) in Tel Aviv, Israel. The authors compiled information on local LST and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), a measure of vegetation cover, and used it to search for a correlation between land use type and mean surface temperature for summer nights. In their analysis, they found an enormous difference of 13°C in mean temperature among different locations in Tel Aviv. There was a strong correlation between land use type and LST, with the most vegetated regions experiencing much lower average temperatures than highly built regions. Continue reading

Pakistan’s Developing Economy in a Warming World

by JP Kiefer

Despite contributing little to greenhouse gas emissions, the poorest countries and people will be negatively affected by climate change the earliest and most severely. This is due to an increased inability to adapt to changes in crop production, water resources, and human health. Akram and Hamid (2015) determined that Pakistan would be one of the countries hit hardest by climate change. Continue reading