Deforestation Restrictions: Observations from Acre, Brazil

by Lazaros M. K. Chalkias

In light of climate change and species conservation efforts, “Reductions in Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation” (REDD) is becoming an increasingly important mechanism in conservation policy. Deforestation may affect water quality, forest services and local economies; its impact, as Pfaff et al. (2014) explore, depends on governance and location of protected forest areas. The researchers’ work focuses on the forests of Acre, Brazil, which includes over 1 million hectares of protected areas. They evaluated deforestation in the periods of 2000–2004 and 2004–2008, and separated the protected forest areas in question in three categories (sustainable use, indigenous and integral). They used “remotely sensed pixel data” from the INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais) to examine covered and cleared forestland and understand the potential effects of policy in a region. Continue reading

Cross-border Resource Management Organizations Between the US, Canada, and Mexico

by Lazaros M. K. Chalkias

International organizations and national or transboundary networks largely coordinate natural resource governance, scientific research management and policy. In the absence of coherent policy for cases like the U.S., Canada and Mexico, governments promote cross-border agreements with organizations for more successful collaboration of the actors involved. Stoett and Temby (2015) examine the role of intergovernmental institutions and transnational policy networks in the three states and propose a broad theoretical background and a functional description based on the nature of their activities and their internal governance. Continue reading