Comparing Measurements of GHG Emissions Between Conventional Brazilian Farms and Those with Sustainability Programs

by Grace Reckers

Greenhouse gasses (GHG) constitute a number of gasses (CO2 being the most prevalent) that are released from the earth’s surface and trap heat in the atmosphere. They have become of primary interest to many environmentalists because of their impacts on agriculture, human health, ecology, and other environmental systems. Countries across the world have committed to reducing GHG emissions due to general increased recognition of their detrimental effects. One such country, Brazil, aims for a 37% reduction of their 2005 emission values by 2025. As the second-largest producer of beef in the world, Brazil has acknowledged the notable fraction of GHG emissions derived from livestock production (18% of Brazil’s annual GHG) and the particular relation between the effects of cattle ranching and beef production on national emissions. Continue reading

Resolving the Climate Change Accounting Predicament

by Simon Bjerkholt

Is the inconsistent and unstandardized nature of corporate environmental accounting really slowing corporations from effectively implementing climate change policy? According to a 2015 article written by Konstantinos Evangelinos et al. (2015), published in the Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, that may very well be the case. The current informal and disorganized nature of environmental accounting makes the collection and organization of important data on GHG emissions much harder and less effective than it should be. In the long term, as more and more data are collected, this could become a problem by making the corporate response to these data far less accurate and far less efficient. Continue reading