Climate Change as a Public Health Issue

by Shannon O’Neill

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that roughly half of the world’s population is at risk of infection by vector-borne disease. Furthermore, vector-borne diseases are responsible for one-sixth of illness and disability throughout the world, killing at least one million people each year. Vector-borne diseases tend to highlight socioeconomics differences and problems, as they increase health inequalities, with developing countries having a 300 times greater mortality rate from them. These countries do not have the resources for preventative care or to manage outbreaks. Additionally, vector-borne diseases tend to paralyze health systems and substantially decrease tourism. Though some efforts to control vector-borne diseases have been quite successful, these diseases still pose a major threat to the world as re-emergence becomes more likely owing to greater organism drug resistance and other changing environmental factors. Continue reading