The movie Interstellar introduces the idea of food scarcity due to climate change as a valid fear. A modern dust bowl prevents farmers from cultivating essential, staple crops. Famine has become more common around the world in recent years, but areas with advanced infrastructure are more adept at handling tough conditions. In Sub-Saharan Africa, one of the least developed areas of the world, changes in aggregate production will put residents in danger. A recent paper by Wolfram Schlenker (2010) looked to see if the current state of African agriculture is as deprived as predicted. The researchers discovered that the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa is becoming worse every year. Without the proper care, it will become harder to produce copious crops, if any.
Businesses are responsible for much of the greenhouse gas causing climate and are the ones likely to be adversely affected by it. Nevertheless, Goodall (2008) found that even though there is talk about businesses going greener to protect their own futures, there is little written about climate change in business and management journals. Goodall noted that climate change is a science issue, and a typical business journal would not focus on the sciences, but the discussion about climate change started decades ago. Thirty years later, she thinks that these journals should have begun to include conversation about climate change. Continue reading →
Cut-off from the rest of the world, the Sherpas of Nepal spend their lives in the Himalayas. Overall climate change, mainly the average increase in global temperature, has negatively affected the Himalayas, but according to a recent paper (Sherpa, 2014), the Sherpas are ill informed about these changes, and can barely define “global warming.” NGOs have strived to inform this population about the imminent dangers of climate change, but cultural barriers, such as sexism and disdain for western culture, prevent success. The Sherpas are not causing climate change, but the NGOs want to inform them about possible dangers they may face in the future, saving lives, cultures, and livelihoods. Continue reading →
Popularly characterized as one of the most industrial countries in the world, China has been blamed for much of the increase in carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. With the increase in average overall temperature, the prevalence of droughts has increased, adversely affecting production agriculture production and water supply. When the rain finally does arrive, it arrives with monsoon-like conditions, creating too much runoff, as the dry land can’t contain the rain. Many independent projects have traveled to China in order to inform the population about climate change. Urban areas need to become greener, while rural areas need to be aware of dangers they face. The negative trends in China’s agriculture and water resources can be corrected, but without proper support from the population and the rest of the world they will not be successful. Continue reading →
Over the years, industrialization and urbanization have increased the amount of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases present in our atmosphere. Obviously, these changes have affected the environment by increasing average temperatures and overall sea level, but surprisingly, climate change is also affecting wind levels. Over the past 25 years, many researchers have sought to determine whether these changes in wind speed positively or negatively effect related ecosystems. A 1990 hypothesis proposed that these winds are increasing and will positively affect the neighboring ecosystems. A synthesis of the data from experiments analyzing these patterns is the best way to see if the changes in these essential wind patterns have helped or harmed the ocean ecosystems under them. It was determined that these winds have been increasing overall, but further data must be collected to see their effects on the prosperity of the ocean ecosystems. Continue reading →