by Tyler Dean
According to an article in Appropriate Technology in 2014, climate change is predicted to increase the number of malnourished people in Sub-Saharan Africa by nearly forty percent by 2050, from the current 22 million, to 355 million. In East and Central Africa, suitable areas for growing beans could decline up to eighty percent, while areas suitable for growing bananas could decline twenty-five percent. In aggregate, climate change will severely lower crop yields by adversely affecting the length of the growing season and rainfall. It is crucial for African farmers to switch to “climate- smart agriculture”(CSA). CSA will increase resilience by allowing farmers to adapt to climate change and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The government has implemented monitored subsidy programs, consultants and aggregators in order to improve production and instill confidence in Africa’s farmers. Farmers have been taught to utilize smarter farming and to pool their resources in order to increase efficiency, lower green house gas emissions and bring down costs. Currently, many have turned to innovations that mitigate the effects of climate change. These include improving soil health, fertilizer quality, seed systems, water management and mechanization. These activities have improved and will continue to improve the socioeconomic statuses and health conditions in Africa. In time they will help Africa avoid the complications of inevitable climate change, while lowering the global green house gas emissions.
Anonymous. 2014. ‘Climate-smart’ approaches to increase Africa’s food production. Appropriate Technology 41. 25-28.